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Sailor Moon's "Moon Tiara Action" attack has her throwing her tiara at her enemy. This is a tribute to the superheroine Wonder Woman, who could also throw her tiara as a weapon.
The Sailor Senshi's civilian names relate to their superhuman roles:
- the name of Usagi Tsukino is loosely translated as "Rabbit of the Moon" ("usagi" means "rabbit", and "tsuki" means "moon").This pertains to a Japanese folktale about a rabbit that can be seen in the Moon, and also to her moon-based powers.
- Chibiusa is a loose term of "little Usagi" ("chibi" means "little" or "mini"), she being Usagi's daughter and Sailor MINI-Moon.
- Ami Mizuno reads "Asian Beauty of Water" ("A" means "Asian" and "mi" means "beauty", while "mizu" means "water"), which reveals her power to control water.
- Rei Hino's surname relates to fire ("hi" means "fire"), which reveals her power to control fire. The word "rei" could be translated as "beautiful", "companion", "spirit", or "soul" (the latter fits her "Fire Soul" cry), but the name "Rei" is always written in Katakana, which suggests that it doesn't have any Japanese meaning.
- Makoto Kino translates as "Tree Spirit Makoto" ( "ki" means "tree" and "spirit"), and her power is control over nature (mostly trees/lightning).
- Minako Aino reads "Beautiful Child of Love" ("mi" means "beauty" and "ko" means child, while "ai" means "love"). This pertains to Venus being the goddess of love.
- Setsuna Meioh is loosely translated as "Moment of Pluto", which alludes to her power over time ("setsuna" means "moment", while "mei" and "o" mean "dark" and "king" and are derived from "meiosei"-"Dark King Star" which describes Pluto).
- Michiru Kaioh means "Neptune Rising" ("michiru" means "rising", while "kai" and "o" mean "sea" and "king" and are derived from "kaiosei"-"Sea King Star" which describes Neptune), which alludes to her powers coming from the ocean.
- Haruka Tenoh means "Distant Uranus" ("haruka" means "distant", while "ten" and "o" mean "sky" and "king" and are derived from "tenosei"-"Sky King Star" which describes Uranus) which alludes to her powers coming from the sky/wind.
- Hotaru Tomoe is loosely translated as "Firefly of Saturn" ("hotaru" means "firefly", while "to" means "earth" and is derived from "dosei"-"Earth Star" which describes Saturn). Fireflies are associated with spirits of the dead, which allude to her power of death/rebirth.
Keiko Han, who voices the moon cat Luna and the villainess Queen Beryl, would amuse the cast by switching between Luna's fussy-nanny voice and Beryl's deep-contralto voice.
Fans of the series have classified the Sailor Senshi into two groups, Inner (Sailors Moon, Chibi-Moon, Mercury, Mars, Venus and Jupiter) and Outer (Sailors Pluto, Neptune, Uranus and Saturn). The Inner Senshi serve as guardians to Sailor Moon, while the Outer Senshi guard against threats from beyond the solar system.
Sailor Mercury, since she possessed almost-inhuman intelligence, was originally going to be a cyborg, with a built-in accelerator. Naoko Takeuchi had planned a storyline centered on this concept, where Sailor Mercury would suffer a crisis of humanity due to her robotic nature, and would lose her powers or her life. These concepts were rejected in favour of making her a fully human character like her friends; however the cyborg element was given to Hotaru Tomoe.
While in college, Naoko Takeuchi worked at the Shiba Daijingu Shrine as a "miko" (temple maiden). She incorporated this trait into Rei Hino: she works as a miko at her grandfather's shrine, and possesses abilities like fire reading (a divinity skill), prophetic dreams and the use of ofuda (good luck talismans). Her Sailor Senshi uniform is also coloured like miko robes, and an attack of hers (Mars Flame Sniper) pays tribute to the archery skills miko are traditionally schooled in.
A primary location in the "Sailor Moon" saga is the Hikawa Shrine, where Rei Hino works. In the real world, there are three Hikawa shrines, situated in the town of Minato, Tokyo (in the districts of Azabujuban, Akasaka and Shirokane . The shrine seen in the comic is the Azabujuban shrine, the shrine seen in this anime is based on the Akasaka shrine, and the shrine in Shirokane was an actual filming location for Bishôjo Senshi Sailor Moon (2003).
Tuxedo Mask's costume was inspired by the Gaston Leroux-Andrew Lloyd Webber work "The Phantom of the Opera", which was about a mysterious man in a tuxedo/mask whose herald is a rose, and who watches over a certain girl he is in love with...
Originally, Tuxedo Mask was going to be named Mysterious 2098 Face. Naoko Takeuchi was later bewildered that she could come up with such a flamboyant-but-meaningless title.
Initially, Naoko Takeuchi wanted Sailor Moon to have pink hair. This evolved into Sailor Moon having both blonde (as Usagi) and silver hair (as Sailor Moon), but Takeuchi's editor explained that silver hair would make the heroine look too plain. The concept of hair colour changing between transformations was adapted into the live-action series Bishôjo Senshi Sailor Moon (2003).
Sailor Jupiter would sometimes perform her "Supreme Thunder" attack calling out: "Waga shugo Mokusei yo! Arashi wo okose! Kumo wo yobe! Ikazuchi wo furaseyo!" This meant "My guardian Jupiter! Brew a storm! Call the clouds! Bring down the lightning!"
In the "Sailor Moon" manga comic, the Sailor Starlights were women who disguised themselves as men on Earth. In the series, they BECAME men, and changed back to females only when transforming into their Senshi forms. Naoko Takeuchi was appalled at the change, claiming it contradicted a prime directive in her "Sailor Moon" saga: all Sailor Senshi are and should be only FEMALE.
When Sailor Moon was broadcast in South Korea beginning in 1997 all kissing and the Hikawa Shrine was cut. Episodes where a lot of time was spent at the shrine or that had any kissing weren't broadcast at all. Of the 200 episodes of the Sailor Moon series 44 weren't broadcast in South Korea.
While Artemis is the Roman goddess of hunting Artemis the character is ironically a male. In the French version he was initially referred to as she but the mistake was corrected before it was shown that he and Luna had a kitten together.
Naoko Takeuchi planned to kill off all of the Sailors in the manga but her bosses steadfastedly refused. She was extremely annoyed when they all ironically died in the anime's first season even though they came back to life.
A Hebrew dub of Sailor Moon was broadcast in 2011, 18 years after the first broadcast of Sailor Moon outside of Japan. Zoisite and Kunzite remained gay with Zoisite and Fisheye getting stereotypically gay voices. In parts nudity was censored and in others it wasn't.
The sailor soldiers use English words to activate their powers.
Naoko Takeuchi had started up the whole saga with "Codename: Sailor V", a manga comic about a young schoolgirl, Minako Aino, who gains superpowers and the form of a young woman and fights for justice under the codename Sailor V. She was accompanied by a cat named Artemis and had a magical compact and pen to assist her. Run-Run, the company that published the comic, intended to make an anime series about Sailor V (in the time-honored tradition of making manga and anime series together), but unfortunately went bankrupt before production started. The idea of a celestial superheroine was retained/expanded/refined, but Sailor V ended up as Sailor Moon's friend and comrade Sailor Venus.
The series is based on "Taketori Monogatari", a popular Japanese folktale about a princess from a kingdom in the moon, who came down to live on earth.
Naoko Takeuchi has stated that Tuxedo Mask takes the place of Sailor Earth. Mamoru Chiba's own name implies his previous life as the Earth's protector ("mamoru" means "protect", and "chi" and "ba" mean "earth" and "place" which together mean "local").
The cats Luna, Artemis and Diana were all named in relation to the moon: Luna is the Latin term for "moon", while Artemis and Diana were the names of the Greek and Roman goddesses of the moon.
For its release to the United States as Sailor Moon (1995), changes in names had to be carried out (main cast):
- Usagi Tsukino (Sailor Moon) became Serena Tsukino
- Mamoru Chiba (Tuxedo Mask) became Darien Chiba
- Chibiusa (Sailor Mini Moon) became Rini
- Ami Mizuno (Sailor Mercury) became Amy Anderson (but also referred to as Amy Mizuno in later episodes)
- Rei Hino (Sailor Mars) became Raye Hino
- Makoto Kino (Sailor Jupiter) became Lita Kino
- Minako Aino (Sailor Venus) became Mina Aino
- Setsuna Meioh (Sailor Pluto) became Trista Meioh
- Michiru Kaioh (Sailor Neptune) became Michelle Kaioh
- Haruka Tenoh (Sailor Uranus) became Amara Tenoh
- Hotaru Tomoe (Sailor Saturn)'s name remained unchanged.
Each of the superheroines is a "Sailor Senshi." The term "senshi" means "soldier" or "warrior", while the "Sailor" is obviously inspired by the sailor suits worn by the heroines.
The distinctive sailor uniforms worn by the Sailor Senshi were based on the "sera fuku", a Japanese schoolgirl uniform that resembles a sailor suit.
According to Naoko Takeuchi, Usagi Tsukino's personality is closest to herself.
In college, Naoko Takeuchi wore her hair on the "odango" hairstyle (a combination of bun and pigtail hairstyles) before facing difficult classes/examinations. She incorporated this hairstyle into her heroine Usagi Tsukino.
Rei Hino works at the Hikawa Shrine. In the series, the "hi" in "Hikawa" means "fire", serving as a sign to Rei Hino's ability. In real life, the "hi" stands for "ice" (ironic, isn't it?).
Originally, Makoto Kino was going to be a smoker, and a "sukeban" (the leader of a gang of girls), but her delinquent nature was toned down to her getting into fights with girls.
Naoko Takeuchi had wanted to create a character like Haruka Tenoh ever since the beginning of her career, describing her as "a girl's best friend and fairytale prince in one." She also created Michiru Kaioh to serve as a match to Haruka, explaining it was only natural for a masculine character like Haruka to fall in love with a feminine one like Michiru (even if they were BOTH female).
Naoko Takeuchi originally intended Tuxedo Mask to play a greater part in the saga, and uncover more mysteries that would play a part in the Sailor Senshi's destinies.
Sailor Moon's voice actress Kotono Mitsuishi was ill between episodes 44-50, and during that time she was substituted by Kae Araki. Araki would later go on to voice Sailor Chibi Moon, Sailor Moon's daughter.
Many of Usagi Tsukino's family members are based on Naoko Takeuchi's own family: she had a devoted but busy father, a loving but nagging mother and a bratty younger brother. They even have the same names of Kenji, Ikuko, and Shingo.
Queen Beryl and the Shitennou Jadeite, Nephrite, Zoisite and Kunzite were all named after crystals. Beryl is a mineral; Jadeite and nephrite are two varieties of jade; zoisite is also known as blue tanzanite, and kunzite is a type of pink genstone.
Crimson Rubeus's minions, the Ayakashi Sisters (Petz, Calaveras, Koan and Berthier) are all named after the minerals petzite, calaverite, "koanko" (Japanese for kermesite) and berthierite. An "ayakashi" is also a female spirit/siren who searches the oceans for lost sailors.
The members of the Amazoness Quartet are named after the goddesses of Roman mythology:
- CereCere, whose powers are plant-based, was named after the goddess of nature Ceres
- PallaPalla was named after the goddess of wisdom Pallas - however in Italian "Palla" means "ball", and her powers involve bouncing balls
- JunJun, who acts in a motherly way towards her victims, was named after the goddess of motherhood Juno
- VesVes, who has an independent feminist nature, was named after the goddess of femininity Vesta.
Rei Hino uses an attack with ofudas called "Akuryo Taisan." This was an exorcism chant meaning "Evil Spirit, Be Gone." Sometimes she would additionally chant "Rin, Pyou, Tou, Sha, Kai, Jin, Retsu, Zai, Zen!" ("all warriors have been lined up in formation here").
Sailor Mars's "Burning Mandala" attack features the appearance of eight Buddhist symbols; these symbols stand for the eight corners of the world (north, northeast, East, Southeast, South, Southwest, West, and Northwest). The "mandala" is itself a Buddhist term, emphasizing the spiritual nature of Sailor Mars.
Sailor Pluto's "Dead Scream" is aptly titled, as Pluto was the god of the underworld, the resting place for the dead.
Prince Helios is named after the god of the sun. There has been speculation that Helios takes the place of Sailor Sun.
According to Naoko Takeuchi, she always wondered whether the leg-slit on the Black Lady's dress was a bit too far, especially when she saw the Black Lady in the anime (she was shocked to find she looked more voluptuous in the anime than in the manga).
Each of the Sailor Senshi's blood-type was chosen, based on a Japanese horoscope that a person's personality traits depend on their blood type:
- Usagi Tsukino's blood-type was chosen as O, which indicates friendliness, optimism, and carelessness
- Ami Mizuno's blood-type was chosen as A, which indicates sensibility and fastidiousness
- Rei Hino's blood-type was chosen as AB, which indicates a calm but critical nature
- Makoto Kino's blood-type was chosen as O, which indicates friendliness and vanity
- Minako Aino's blood-type was chosen as B, which indicates optimism and an adventurous nature
- Setsuna Meioh 's blood-type was chosen as A, which indicates sensibility and over-earnestness
- Michiru Kaioh's blood-type was chosen as O, which indicates agreeability and vanity
- Haruka Tenoh's blood-type was chosen as B, which indicates cheerfulness, wildness and selfishness
- Hotaru Tomoe's blood-type was chosen as AB, which indicates coolness, rationality and indecisiveness.
The first non-Japanese country to air the show was France in December 1993. As with most foreign adaptations the homosexuality was removed and the characters' names were changed.
Naoko Takeuchi was inspired to create Uranus and Neptune from a picture of a couple she saw in a fashion magazine and wanted to give them a lesbian image. According to the manga she couldn't remember at the time why she made them lesbians and can't remember now either. According to an interview she did with Kappa Magazine in September 1996 it was to show that friendship between 2 girls can become romance. It's heavily implied in the anime that they have sex confirming that they are indeed in love and not so close that you'd think they were in love.
In foreign broadcasts of Sailor Moon Zoisite is commonly changed to being female to hide the fact that he is in a gay relationship with Kunzite unlike in the manga. A long lived fan rumour stated that he was female in the Swedish dub because having a gay villain would look homophobic. The dubbers have stated that his voice was so feminine in the original Japanese that they simply didn't know that he was a man in the first place.
Ami Mizuno's appearance was based on Japanese pop singer Noriko Sakai.
Sailor Mars has the assistance of two crows at the Hikawa Shrine, named Phobos and Deimos. In Greek mythology, Phobos and Deimos were the embodiments of fear and terror, twin brothers and the sons of the war god Ares (known in Roman mythology as Mars).
Sailor Jupiter was originally going to be called Mamoru Kino, but the first name was given to Tuxedo Mask instead. The name "Makoto" which is usually a boys' name, was given to Sailor Jupiter to highlight her tomboy nature.
Setsuna was the only one of the main Sailor Senshi in the series to invent a civilian identity for herself, rather than have one before becoming a Senshi. This could be due to her role as the guardian of time meaning she was eternal, and so rather than being reborn she would need to create a new identity.
Sailor Neptune and Sailor Uranus were created as a duo together, to serve as complementary but opposite characters.
Naoko Takeuchi was shocked that Sailor Uranus was portrayed in the series as more masculine; but she was glad that even with such radical changes, fans liked the character.
In the series, the male Shitennou Zoisite and Kunzite are portrayed as lovers. In Sailor Moon (1995), Zoisite was made a woman to tone down the adult-themed relationship. No such relationship between the pair exists in the original manga.
The aliens Airu (Ail or Ali) and Ann take the human aliases of brother-sister Seijuro and Natsumi Ginga. The surname "Ginga" means "galaxy" and the individual names are also cosmically descriptive:
- Seijuro translates to "10th Son of the Stars" ("sei" means "star", "ju" means "ten" and "ro" is derived from "rou" which means "sons"), and thus his full name can be read as "10th Son of the Galaxy Stars".
- Natsumi translates to "Summer Beauty" ("natsu" means "summer" and "mi" means "beauty") , and thus her full name can be read as "Summer Beauty of the Galaxy".
The word "Makaiju" means "Hell Tree". In Sailor Moon (1995), this was changed to "Doom Tree."
The members of the Black Moon Clan are named after precious jewels
- Crimson Rubeus's last name is Latin for ruby
- Green Esmeraude's last name is French for emerald
- Blue Saphir's last name is French for sapphire
- and Prince Demand's name is close to diamond.
The members of the Amazoness Quartet (CereCere, PallaPalla, JunJun, and VesVes) are named after the planets Ceres, Pallas, Juno, and Vesta respectively. These are the first four planets discovered (in that order) in the asteroid belt between Mars and Jupiter in the early 19th century. By modern definition all asteroids are classified as minor planets, except Ceres, which is classified as a dwarf planet.
Sailors Pluto, Uranus and Neptune carry three talismans that are used to form the Holy Grail of the Moon Kingdom - the Space Sword (Sailor Uranus), the Deep Aqua Mirror (Sailor Neptune) and the Garnet Orb (Sailor Pluto). These talismans are based on the imperial treasures of Japan: a sword (for valour), a mirror (for wisdom) and a jewel (for benevolence). These treasures were given to the Japanese Royal Family by the sun goddess Amaterasu (represented in this series, ironically, by Princess Serenity of the Moon Kingdom).
Sailor Mercury's "Mercury Aqua Rhapsody" attack has her summon a watery lyre and play it, to fire blasts of water. The lyre is said to have been invented by the Roman god Mercury.
Sailor Jupiter's "Jupiter Oak Evolution" involves her firing leaf-shaped blasts of energy at her enemy. In Roman mythology, nature (particularly the oak tree) was sacred to Jupiter.
Naoko Takeuchi says Helios got his "irresponsible ways" from herself.
The Sailor Starlights assume the identity of a pop music band called the "San Hikari" (Three Lights). In the Shinto belief, the three lights are identified as the sun, moon and stars:
- Kou Seiya (Sailor Star Fighter) is associated with the sun, and so wields a red rose
- Kou Taiki (Sailor Star Maker) is associated with the moon, and so wields a white rose
- Kou Yaten (Sailor Star Healer) is associated with the stars, and so wields a yellow rose.
The Sailor Starlight Kou Seiya was based on Jenny Shimizu, and was meant to be a fusion of the masculine personalities Haruka Tenoh and Mamoru Chiba.
Naoko Takeuchi wishes that Sailor Cosmos (an all-powerful Senshi from the future and considered to be Sailor Moon's ultimate incarnation), a character who only appeared in the manga comic, had made it into the series.
The Sailor Starlight's black costumes are very similar to the new black and white Wonder Woman comic book costume which was first shown in 1995, a year before the Sailor Stars series was released.
The Inner Senshi all have surnames with the title "no" (meaning "field") in them, while the Outer Senshi have surnames that are based on their individual planet.
Naoko Takeuchi based Tuxedo Mask on Leiji Matsumoto's space pirate Captain Harlock, who she felt represented her own ideal man: "strong, silent and unshakeable."
The Sailor Animamates of the Shadow Galactica take civilian identities based on their names:
- Sailor Iron Mouse takes the name of Chiuko Nezu ("chu" is the sound mice make, and "Nezu" is short for "nezumi", which means "mouse." )
- Sailor Aluminium Siren takes the name of Reiko Aya (this is a word pun on "mermaid" and "puppet"' mermaids are infamous for acting as sirens to make men puppets )
- Sailor Lead Crow takes the name of Akane Karasuma (these are the words for a certain shade of red; "red" and "lead" are given the same writing in Japanese)
- Sailor Tin Nyanko takes the name of Nyanko Suzu ("nyanko" is colloquial slang for "cat", while "suzu" means "bell").
Naoko Takeuchi claims she had to draw Helios in a hurry due to time deadlines, so she was unhappy with his outfit design.
The Sailor Starlights were minor characters in the "Sailor Moon" manga, created to represent the vast number of Sailor Senshi spread out across the galaxy. In this series, however, they were given a major role, in fact they even served as protagonists.
The Sailor Starlights bear distinct parallels to Hindu mythology, particularly the Trimurti: the Creator, the Preserver, and the Destroyer.
Most of the antagonists are named after a crystal, precious gem, or mineral.
In an early episode a shop says Valentino Rossi. It is learnt much later that Haruka is a motocross racer, just like Valentino Rossi.
Olav F. Anderson wrote new Swedish lyrics for the opening and ending songs and worked as a voice actor on the show as well as translating from English scripts provided by Toei. He has described the scripts' linguistic quality as atrocious.
In an interview with MixxZine the creator of the manga the show was based off of, Naoko Takeuchi, stated that Sailor Moon is most like her own personality (clumsy but with a kind heart) and Sailor Neptune is the one most different to her (calm, serious and ruthless).
Sailor Senshi color themes are related to the Japanese names of their respective planets: "Kasei" (Mars) means "Fire Star" and Sailor Mars has a red color theme, "Suisei" (Mercury) means "Water Star" and Sailor Mercury has a blue color theme, "Mokusei" (Jupiter) means "Tree Star" and Sailor Jupiter has a green color theme, and "Kinsei" (Venus) means "Gold Star" and Sailor Venus has a golden color theme.
When Viz Media took over the series and produced their own english dub for the United States, all the original names for the characters and special attacks were completely restored to what they were in the Japanese version, and unlike with the previous releases, the rights for the fifth and final season Sailor Stars were also acquired, with the episodes for the Japanese version posted on Hulu for that season as well as the others.
Sailor Moon creator Naoko Takeuchi was not pleased that Toei Animation took the liberties of making the Starlights males in their civilian forms. In the original manga (Japanese comics), the Starlights are females regardless of whether they become Sailor Soldiers or appear in the civilian forms.
This was the last season to be dubbed in French, English, and Hungarian. However, France and the United States would eventually get "Sailor Stars" with a new voice cast.
The full title of the third season of Sailor Moon is "Sailor Moon Super", which can be herd in the eyecatch before and after the comershal breaks in the original Japanese version.
Contrary to popular belief among Sailor Moon fans, the Starlights' surnames are not "Kou" (literally, "light"). Kou is the personal name they each share. Seiya, Yaten, and Taiki are their surnames. Because the Starlights share the same personal name, they are known by their surnames.
The early episodes of Sailor Moon Stars are a continuation of a story arc from Sailor Moon SuperS.
The success of this Sailor Moon series saved it from declining ratings and near cancellation during the Sailor Moon SuperS airings.
Toei animation stopped production of Sailor Moon when Sailor Stars was assigned and america lost its rights to Sailor Moon.
The planet Jupiter is notable for its turbulent weather (huge storms, lightning, etc.). One of Sailor Jupiter's abilities is to call up lightning.
Naoko Takeuchi was inspired to create Sailor Neptune and Sailor Uranus by the Takarazuka Revue, an all-female troupe of stage actors. Takeuchi believes the troupe is the maximum level of feminine emancipation: "These actresses cover all roles of the plays, even the male ones." She had also originally intended Haruka and Michiru to be members of the Takarazuka Revue.
Naoko Takeuchi has a fascination with racing cars, a trait she incorporated into Haruka Tenoh. They even share a favorite car: the Ferrari 512M.
Haruka Tenoh is seen driving two cars in the series: a yellow/white 1968 Toyota 2000GT convertible (regularly), and a montego-blue 1990 Mazda Mx-5 Miata automobile (irregular).
Tuxedo Mask's voice actor Tôru Furuya was instrumental in developing Tuxedo Mask into a more comical personality in the anime series than as portrayed in the manga.
According to Sailor Uranus's voice actress Megumi Ogata, the series director Kunihiko Ikuhara wanted Sailor Uranus and Neptune to act like a married couple.
Naoko Takeuchi's favourite member of the Shitennou is Kunzite.
The "Makaiju" season is an anime-exclusive material that did not appear in the manga or live-action series, and was created while Naoko Takeuchi was working on the "Black Moon Clan" story.
Queen Nehellenia of the Dead Moon Circus was named after an ancient deity called Nehalannia.
Zirconia, the lieutenant of the Dead Moon Circus, is named after the mineral zirconium dioxide, also known as Zirconia.
Professor Tomoe's assistant Kaolinite is named after the clay mineral kaolinite (also known as white clay or china clay).
The Witches 5 (Eudial, Mimete, Tellu, Viluy, Cyprine and Ptilol) are named after minerals (eudialyte, mimetite, tellurite, vilulite, cyprine and ptilolite), whose colour they wear as their uniform:
- eudialyte is a red mineral
- mimetitie is a orangish-yellow mineral
- tellurite is a whitish mineral
- vilulite is a blackish mineral
- cyprine is a blue mineral
- and ptilolite is a reddish mineral.
The planet where Princess Kakyuu stays, while not named in the anime series, is known in the "Sailor Moon" universe as Kinmoku, or Kinmokusei ("Kinmoku star"). The golden osmanthus plant is known in Japan as "Kinmokusei"; it has small orange-yellow plants, and a distinctive fragrance, themes incorporated into the Princess (flower-like costume and fragrance); it was also mentioned in the "Rabbit in the Moon" folktale that is closely related to Usagi Tsukino.
The Sailor Senshi had their star signs chosen in relation to the European astrological Zodiac, which would correspond to their individual planet. For instance, Usagi Tsukino (Sailor Moon)'s birthday is on June 30 - the zodiac sign on that date is Cancer, which represents the Moon.
The white bun like snacks that you see them eating are referred to as donuts in the English north American version but these are actually rice buns filled with sweet marinated pork inside them called siopao or baozi in China which are quite popular in southeast Asian countries.
The original "Sailor Stars" comic book was so popular, the series began to be made before it was totally completed.
Queen Beryl's four generals are known as the "Shitennou." This is a term from Buddhist mythology meaning "Four Heavenly Kings."
The aliens from the "Makaiju" story are named Airu (Ail or Ali in different versions) and Ann. Together these names form the English word "alien."
Usagi Tsukino and Mamoru Chiba, in a previous life, were the lovers Princess Serenity and Prince Endymion of Earth. This pertains to a myth about Selene, the goddess of the moon, who fell in love with a human shepherd named Endymion.
Sailor Chibichibi Moon has two different histories in the comic and anime. In the series, Chibichibi is Sailor Galaxia's alternate personality and star seed (the star-like soul inside every living person). In the manga, Chibichibi is really a disguise for the all-powerful Sailor Cosmos.
Naoko Takeuchi claims a major influence on her series was Saki Hiwatari's manga "Boku no chikyû on mamotte" (Please Save My Earth). Both stories have similar elements: a society of alien beings are destroyed, but are reborn on Earth as humans, who retain abilities/memories from their past lives.
Sailor Mercury's first attack is called "Shabon Spray". "Shabon" is based on the Portuguese word "Sabão", that means "soap."
Queen Beryl's ultimate fate is an ambiguity in the English dub. While she was defeated by Sailor Moon at the end of the first season, she was banished to the Negaverse. In the second season, Artemis claims Beryl was completely destroyed. However, the aliens Ail and Ann say she had told them about the Earth. They also implied that all villains who appear thereafter are being dispatched by Queen Beryl as revenge, and this is supported by how later villains mention the Negapower and the Negamoon.
In the original manga, Chibi Chibi is not a manifestation of Galaxia's star seed, or the Sword of Sealing (which doesn't exist in the manga). Instead, she is Sailor Cosmos, the "Ultimate" form of Sailor Moon from a far away future.
Naoko Takeuchi had wanted to end the saga, with all the Sailor Senshi getting killed off at the end of the "Dark Kingdom" season and be reincarnated again as part of a everlasting cycle, but the success of the series persuaded her to keep it going. So this terrible fate was changed to the Sailor Senshi getting their memories wiped until the next time danger arose...
|Complete series cast summary:|
|Kotono Mitsuishi||-||Usagi Tsukino / - 170 episodes, 1992-1997|
|Stephanie Sheh||-||Sailor Moon / - 166 episodes, 1992-1996|
|Aya Hisakawa||-||Ami Mizuno / - 165 episodes, 1992-1997|
|Michie Tomizawa||-||Rei Hino / - 163 episodes, 1992-1997|
|Kate Higgins||-||Ami Mizuno / - 154 episodes, 1992-1996|
|Cristina Valenzuela||-||Rei Hino / - 152 episodes, 1992-1996|
|Emi Shinohara||-||Makoto Kino / - 151 episodes, 1992-1997|
|Robbie Daymond||-||Mamoru Chiba - Tuxedo Mask (Viz Media dub) / - 143 episodes, 1992-1997|
|Tôru Furuya||-||Mamoru Chiba / - 141 episodes, 1992-1997|
|Rica Fukami||-||Minako Aino / - 140 episodes, 1992-1997|
|Amanda Céline Miller||-||Makoto Kino / - 138 episodes, 1992-1996|
|Keiko Han||-||Luna / - 134 episodes, 1992-1997|
|Michelle Ruff||-||Luna / - 132 episodes, 1992-1996|
|Cherami Leigh||-||Minako Aino / - 131 episodes, 1992-1996|
|Johnny Yong Bosch||-||Atermis / - 98 episodes, 1992-1996|
|Kae Araki||-||Sailor Chibi Moon / - 96 episodes, 1993-1996|
|Sandy Fox||-||Chibiusa / - 93 episodes, 1992-1996|
|Yasuhiro Takato||-||Artemis / - 89 episodes, 1992-1997|
|Annelie Berg||-||Annie / - 85 episodes, 1992-1994|
|Annica Smedius||-||Ami - Sailor Mercury / - 77 episodes, 1992-1994|